TERMINOLOGY

TERMINOLOGY



 

 

Blooming Season:

E   – Early season Bloom

EM – Early-Mid Season Bloom

M  - Mid Season Bloom

ML – Mid-Late Season Bloom

L  - Late Season Bloom

 

 

Classification:

TB – Tall Bearded

 Stalks over 27” with branching and many buds. It is the most popular

 of the bearded iris varieties and easily the most spectacular.

 

IB -  Intermediate Bearded

          Range from 16” to 28” with their bloom season overlapping the SDB

and the TB.

 

BB - Boarder Bearded

          Smaller versions of the TB with the same height range as the IB’s but

bloom with the TB’s.

 

MTB - Miniature Tall Bearded Range from 16” to 25” and bloom with the

TB’s

 

SDB - Standard Dwarf Bearded

 Range from 8” to 15” and bloom quite early in the season – shortly

 after the daffodils and tulips.

 

MDB – Miniature Dwarf Bearded

 Up to 10” in height and the earliest to bloom.

 

SA – Space age

          These are iris with something extra – beard appendages called horns,

spoons or flounces.

 

His - Historic

           Iris that are 30 years or older.

 

 

RE - Rebloomer

          Iris that are known to bloom a second time; once early in the season,

and again later in the season. Reblooming is not guaranteed: weather

and culture are key factors in reblooming.

 

 

Iris Glossary:

Amoena: white or tinted white standards, colored falls.

B: Beards – elongated groups of fuzzy hairs at the top of the falls.

Bicolor: light or medium standards and deeper contrasting falls.

Bitone: two tones of the same color.

Blend: combination of two or more colors – one is always yellow.

Broken: Color: random splashes of color.

F: Falls – the three down turned petals.

Flounces:  wide, folded, often canoe or fan shaped appendages extending

from the tips of the beards.

For: Foreign import.

Ground Color:  usually mentioned with plicatas - base color under dots or

peppering.

Hafts: top of the falls – on each side of the beards.

Horns:  a protrusion or extension of the beards. Often ending in a point.

The beards may or may not be covered with hairs.

Lace: edges of petals are serrated.

Luminata: style arms and hafts of white or yellow; veining on the falls.

Midrib: stiffened rib on the standards.

PBF: Purple based foliage.

Plicata: petals rimmed, speckled or stitched in color on a lighter ground.

Reverse Amoena: colored standards and lighter – sometimes white – falls.

Reverse bitone: standards are darker shade of fall color.

Rim: thin edge of color around petals.

S:  Standards – the three upturned petals that surrounds the style arms.

Self:  Standards and falls are the same color.

Shoulders:  the areas on the arching upper middle part of the falls on each

side beyond the haft area.

Signal:  an area or patch of contrasting color below the beard.

Spoons:  appendages extending from the tip of the beards that widen into

spoon shaped petaloids.

Style Arms:  the crested structures inside the three standards.

Substance: thickness of petals.

Texture: sheen or finish of the petals.

Variegata:  yellow or near yellow standards with deeper falls – may be

either varied or solid tones of brown or purple.

Zonal:  a white or light area around the beards in the middle of the falls.

 

 

American Iris Society Awards:

HC – High Commendation.

HM – Honorable Mention.

AM – Award of Merit – only 12 Tall Bearded receive this each year.

DM – Dykes Medal – thie highest award any iris can win. Only one each

year can win this award.